ReactJS onClick Example

In this example, we will see an example of the ReactJS onClick event. We will discover ways to handle the click event of HTML elements using ReactJS. As you know ReactJS has soared in popularity. And has become one of the most favored libraries for front end development. We explore how to attach event handlers and handle the click event of various HTML elements. In the process, we explore various nuances around it.

So let us get started and build a simple application to demonstrate how to handle the click event.

1. Tools and Frameworks

We use the following toolset and frameworks to build a simple ReactJS application for this example

create-react-app is a package to quickly generate a ReactJS application. Moreover, it uses the latest version of ReactJS. Also, I have used my favorite editor Visual Studio Code although you are free to follow along in one of your choices.

2. Generating ReactJS Application

We run the following command to generate our starting application.

> npx create-react-app my-app

npx comes with Nodejs and basically downloads a temporary copy of packages and executes them with the provided parameters. This prevents pollution of the global namespace with rarely used packages. Once the above command completes we should have a project structure that looks like below:

ReactJS onClick - Project Structure
Project Structure

3. Event Handling

Let us build a simple component with a couple of HTML tags. We will use this component to learn how to handle the click event. The component displays a Button and an anchor tag. We will handle the click event of both these tags. To handle the click event of an HTML tag we pass an event handler method to the onClick property of the tag like below:

<a href="#" onClick={handleLinkClick}>Click Me!</a>
<button onClick={handleButtonClick}>Click Me!</button>

The code for our component looks like below:


import React from 'react';
function ClickDemo(props) {

    const handleLinkClick = (event) => {
        alert('Link Clicked!');
    const handleButtonClick = ({ target }) => {
        target.innerText = "Clicked";
        alert('Button Clicked!');
    return <>
style={{ flexDirection: 'column', height: '100vh',
 display: 'flex', alignItems: 'center', 
justifyContent: 'center' }}>
            <a onClick={handleLinkClick} 
href="">Go to Google</a>
            <button onClick={handleButtonClick}>
Click Me!</button>

export default ClickDemo;

As you can see in the code above. We prevent the default navigation to on the click of the anchor tag. Also, we show an alert with the message Link Clicked!. Similarly, on the click of the button we change the text of the button to “clicked” apart from showing an alert box.

4. Running the Application

We run the application using below command:

>npm start

This command opens the browser and displays our component as below:

ReactJS onClick - Project Output
Project Output

5. Download the Source Code

You can download the full source code of this example here: ReactJS onClick Example

Siddharth Seth

Siddharth is a Software Development Professional with a Master degree in Computer Applications from IGNOU. He has over 14 years of experience. And currently focused on Software Architecture, Cloud Computing, JavaScript Frameworks for Client and Server, Business Intelligence.
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