Home » JavaScript » Angular » Basic Firebase CRUD Operations in Angular

About Yatin Batra

Yatin Batra
Yatin has graduated in Electronics & Telecommunication. During his studies, he has been involved with a large number of projects ranging from programming and software engineering to telecommunications analysis. He works as a software developer in the information technology sector where he is mainly involved with projects based on Java and J2EE technologies platform.

Basic Firebase CRUD Operations in Angular

Welcome readers, in this tutorial, we will perform the CRUD Operations in Firebase through an angular application.

1. Introduction

  • Angular is a Typescript-based open-source framework that helps developers build single-page applications
  • Offers Object-oriented features and supports the dynamic loading of the pages
  • Supports Two-way data binding, Property ([]), and Event (()) binding techniques
  • Supports command-line-interface to easily initiate and manage the angular projects from the command line

1.1 What is Firebase?

  • It is a Backend-As-A-Service that helps developers to write high-quality applications
  • If offers: Authentication, Database, Hosting, Real-time data synchronization, and automatic update notifications
  • And many more. . . . .

Now open the visual studio code and let us see how to implement this tutorial in the angular framework.

2. Basic Firebase CRUD Operations in Angular

Here is a systematic guide for implementing this tutorial.

2.1 Tools Used

We are using Visual Studio Code and Node Terminal to compile and execute the angular code on a browser.

2.2 Project Structure

In case you are confused about where you should create the corresponding files or folder, let us review the project structure of the angular application.

CRUD Operations in Angular - Application Structure
Fig. 1: Application Structure

3. Creating a Firebase Project

Developers can refer this link till Fig. 4 to set-up the firebase project. Once the project is set-up they need to navigate to the Database tab (i.e. Project Overview -> Develop -> Database). Create a new Firestore database (Cloud-Firestore) and select the test mode for practice purposes.

CRUD Operations in Angular - Firestore Database
Fig. 2: Firestore Database

4. Creating an Angular Application

Run the ng new angular-firebase-crud-example command in the npm console to create a new angular project. Once the new project is created, execute the following commands in the npm console to install and save angular-firebase dependency required for this example.

1
npm install firebase @angular/fire --save

4.1 Adding Firebase Configuration to Environment File

Let us add the Firebase configuration information to the application’s src/environments/environment.ts file. In this file, we’ll specify the Firebase API and the project credentials to the environment variable.

environment.ts

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
export const environment = {
  production: false,
  firebaseConfig: {
    apiKey: "",
    authDomain: "",
    databaseURL: "",
    projectId: "",
    storageBucket: "",
    messagingSenderId: "",
    appId: ""
  }
};

Note: Developers can find these values in the firebase console if developers click on Add Firebase to the web app icon.

4.2 Injecting Angular Firebase Module

Import and inject the Angular Firebase module in the src/app/app.module.ts file. In this file, we’ll also import the application’s environment file. Add the following code to the file.

app.module.ts

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
// Configure firebase.
import { AngularFireModule } from '@angular/fire';
import { AngularFirestoreModule } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
 
// Importing the environment config file for the firebase configuration.
import { environment } from 'src/environments/environment';
 
 imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AngularFireModule.initializeApp(environment.firebaseConfig),
    AngularFirestoreModule,
 

4.3 Creating a Student Model

Let us create a Student model class to map the attributes of a student. We will create the model class by using the following Angular CLI command i.e. ng generate model shared/student.

student.model.ts

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
export class Student {
    id: string;
    fullName: string;
    rollNo: string;
    branchName: string;
    guardianPhoneNo: string;
}

4.4 Creating Student Service

Let us create a Student service that interacts with the Angular Firestore to fetch the information of all students. We will create the service class by using the following Angular CLI command i.e. ng generate service shared/student.

Note: The above command will automatically create an entry for this file in the app.module.ts.

student.service.ts

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
 
import { Student } from '../shared/student.model';
import { AngularFirestore } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
 
@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
 
export class StudentService {
 
  constructor(private fireStore: AngularFirestore) { }
 
  // Student form data.
  formData: Student;
 
  // Fetch all students information.
  getAllStudents() {
    // valueChanges() function returns the observable containing the student details expect the id of the document.
    // snapshotChanges() function returns the observable containing the student details and the id of the document (i.e. the metadata).
    return this.fireStore.collection('students').snapshotChanges();
 
    // We will use the id in order to perform the update or delete operation.
  }
}

4.5 Creating Students Component

Students component is a central place to hold the student and student-list component. We can create the student’s component by using the following Angular CLI command i.e. ng generate component students.

Note: The above command will automatically create an entry for this file in the app.module.ts.

4.5.1 Creating a Student Component

The student component maintains the CREATE and UPDATE operation for the students. We can create the student component by using the following Angular CLI command i.e. ng generate component students/student.

Note: The above command will automatically create an entry for this file in the app.module.ts.

4.5.1.1 Student Form

Add the following code to the student.component.html file. Please remember to include the FormsModule in app.module.ts file as this component will contain an interactive form.

student.component.html

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
<h1 class="display-5 text-center">Student Registration</h1>
<div> </div>
 
<form #form="ngForm" autocomplete="off" (submit)="onSubmit(form)">
    <input type="hidden" name="id" #id="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="service.formData.id">
    <div class="form-group">
        <input name="fullName" #fullName="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="service.formData.fullName" class="form-control"
            placeholder="Full name" required>
        <div *ngIf="fullName.invalid && fullName.touched" class="validation-error">Student name is required.</div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
        <input name="branchName" #branchName="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="service.formData.branchName" class="form-control"
            placeholder="Branch name">
    </div>
    <div class="form-row">
        <div class="form-group col-md-6">
            <input name="rollNo" #rollNo="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="service.formData.rollNo" class="form-control"
                placeholder="Roll number">
        </div>
        <div class="form-group  col-md-6">
            <input name="guardianPhoneNo" #guardianPhoneNo="ngModel" [(ngModel)]="service.formData.guardianPhoneNo"
                class="form-control" placeholder="Guardian phone number">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-group">
        <button type="submit" [disabled]="form.invalid"
            class="btn btn-lg btn-block btn btn-outline-success">Submit</button>
    </div>
</form>
 
<div class="error" *ngIf="message">
    <h5 class="text-success">{{ message }}</h5>
</div>
4.5.1.2 Student Component

Add the following code to the student.component.ts file to perform the CREATE and UPDATE operations in a Firebase database.

student.component.ts

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { StudentService } from 'src/app/shared/student.service';
import { NgForm } from '@angular/forms';
import { AngularFirestore } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
 
@Component({
  selector: 'app-student',
  templateUrl: './student.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./student.component.css']
})
export class StudentComponent implements OnInit {
 
  message: string;
  constructor(private service: StudentService, private fireStore: AngularFirestore) { }
 
  ngOnInit() {
    this.resetForm();
  }
 
  resetForm(form?: NgForm) {
    if (form != null) {
      form.resetForm();
    }
    this.service.formData = {
      id: null,
      fullName: '',
      branchName: '',
      rollNo: '',
      guardianPhoneNo: ''
    }
  }
 
  onSubmit(form: NgForm) {
    // Reset the message value.
    this.message = '';
 
    // Making the copy of the form and assigning it to the studentData.
    let studentData = Object.assign({}, form.value);
 
    // To avoid messing up the document id and just update the other details of the student. We will remove the 'property' from the student data.
    delete studentData.id;
 
    // Does the insert operation.
    if (form.value.id == null) {
      this.fireStore.collection('students').add(studentData);
      this.message = studentData.fullName + ' information is successfully saved!';
    } else {
      // Does the update operation for the selected student.
      // The 'studentData' object has the updated details of the student.
      this.fireStore.doc('students/' + form.value.id).update(studentData);
      this.message = 'Student successfully updated!';
    }
 
    // Reset the form if the operation is successful.
    this.resetForm(form);
  }
}

4.5.2 Creating a Student List Component

Student List component maintains the student’s view and deleting the student’s information. We can create the student component by using the following Angular CLI command i.e. ng generate component students/student-list.

Note: The above command will automatically create an entry for this file in the app.module.ts.

4.5.2.1 Student’s List View Page

Add the following code to the student.component.html file. Please remember to include the FormsModule in app.module.ts file as this component will contain an interactive form.

student.component.html

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
<h1 class="display-5 text-center">Student Details</h1>
<div> </div>
 
<table class="table table-hover student-details-table-width">
    <thead align="center">
        <th>Roll No.</th>
        <th>Name</th>
        <th>Branch Name</th>
        <th>Guardian Phone No.</th>
        <th>Edit?</th>
        <th>Delete?</th>
    </thead>
    <tbody align="center">
        <tr *ngFor="let studentInfo of studentList">
            <td>{{studentInfo.rollNo}}<span>.</span></td>
            <td>{{studentInfo.fullName}}</td>
            <td>{{studentInfo.branchName}}</td>
            <td>{{studentInfo.guardianPhoneNo}}</td>
            <td><a class="btn text-warning" (click)="onEdit(studentInfo)"><i class="fa fa-edit" title="Edit"></i></a></td>
            <td><a class="btn text-danger" (click)="onDelete(studentInfo)"><i class="fa fa-trash" title="Delete"></i></a></td>
        </tr>
    </tbody>
</table>
 
<div class="error" *ngIf="deleteMessage">
    <h5 class="text-dark">{{ deleteMessage }}</h5>
</div>
4.5.2.2 Student Component

Add the following code to the student-list.component.ts file to perform the READ and DELETE operations in a Firebase database.

student-list.component.ts

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { StudentService } from 'src/app/shared/student.service';
import { Student } from 'src/app/shared/student.model';
import { AngularFirestore } from '@angular/fire/firestore';
 
@Component({
  selector: 'app-student-list',
  templateUrl: './student-list.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./student-list.component.css']
})
export class StudentListComponent implements OnInit {
 
  deleteMessage: string;
  studentList: Student[];
  constructor(private service: StudentService, private fireStore: AngularFirestore) { }
 
  ngOnInit() {
    this.service.getAllStudents().subscribe(response => {
      this.studentList = response.map(document => {
        return {
          id: document.payload.doc.id,
          ...document.payload.doc.data() as {}    // Attention - Require typescript version >3 to work!!
        } as Student;
      })
 
      // Sorting the student-list in ascending order.
      this.studentList = this.studentList.sort((obj1, obj2) => (obj1 as any).rollNo - (obj2 as any).rollNo);
    });
  }
 
  onEdit(student: Student) {
    this.service.formData = Object.assign({}, student);
  }
 
  onDelete(student: Student) {
    this.fireStore.doc('students/' + student.id).delete();
    this.deleteMessage = student.fullName + ' information is successfully deleted!';
  }
}

4.6 Templates Inclusion for View

In order to view the application’s data on startup, we will need to modify the application design from default to custom. For that –

We will need to update the students.component.html to include the student and student-list components i.e.

students.component.html

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
<div class="row">
    <div class="col-md-5">
        <app-student></app-student>
    </div>
    <div class="col-md-7">
        <app-student-list></app-student-list>
    </div>
</div>

Secondly, we will include the students component in the app.component.html file i.e.

app.component.html

01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
     
<div>   </div>
<div class="text-center">
  <h1 class="display-5 text-info"><i>Firebase CRUD operations via Angular</i></h1>
  <small>
    <i class="fa fa-copyright"></i><span class="ml-1"></span>
    <a target="_blank" href="https://www.javacodegeeks.com/">javacodegeeks.com</a>
  </small>
</div>
<br />
 
<div class="container">
  <!--including the students’ component into the application's parent module.-->
  <app-students></app-students>
</div>

And done! We have created a simple page application that will perform the CRUD operations in the Firebase database.

5. Run the Application

As we are ready with all the changes, let us compile and run the angular application with ng serve command. Once the projects are successfully compiled and deployed, open the browser to test it.

6. Project Demo

Open your favorite browser and hit the angular application URL (http://localhost:4200/) to display the welcome page of the application that shows the student form and the same student’s list.

CRUD Operations in Angular - Welcome Page
Fig. 3: Welcome Page

That is all for this tutorial and I hope the article served you whatever you were expecting. Happy Learning and do not forget to share!

7. Conclusion

In this section, we learned how to perform CRUD operations in Firebase. Developers can download the sample application as an Eclipse project in the Downloads section.

8. Download the Angular Project

This was a tutorial of Basic Firebase CRUD Operations in Angular.

Download
You can download the full source code of this example here: Basic Firebase CRUD Operations in Angular
(0 rating, 0 votes)
You need to be a registered member to rate this.
1 Comment Views Tweet it!
Do you want to know how to develop your skillset to become a Java Rockstar?
Subscribe to our newsletter to start Rocking right now!
To get you started we give you our best selling eBooks for FREE!
1. JPA Mini Book
2. JVM Troubleshooting Guide
3. JUnit Tutorial for Unit Testing
4. Java Annotations Tutorial
5. Java Interview Questions
6. Spring Interview Questions
7. Android UI Design
and many more ....
I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policy
Subscribe
Notify of
guest

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

1 Comment
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Thakib Kayodé Adéchinan Salami
Thakib Kayodé Adéchinan Salami
2 months ago

thanks. It helps me