Software Development

Open Source Culture and Ideals

Watching the commercial software industry frenetically trying to make process work occasionally feels similar to watching tragicomedy. This constant struggle of trying to force their feet into these tailor-made development processes left and right: agile, lean, scrum, kanban, even waterfall, whatever, just because some manager or “tech-lead” read a blog post. The Emperor’s New Groove, eh?

It can be a really shocking experience to observe this rather bizarre circus sometimes.

But what is even more astounding is that these corporations often seem ignorant towards open source cultures and ideals. Do they know they exist? Are they ignorant? Or is decentralization and meritocracy so scary (even threatening) to leaders of the organization? Maybe. Who knows. Go figure.

But in the context of corporations, I cannot help thinking about people like Jim Whitehurst, President and CEO of Red Hat. This man seems to be a humble and smart guy, wanting the best for his people and company. What has Jim seen that so many others have not?

Well, if you work at a company that struggle with process without getting any real work done, you first have to realize that “Culture is King”. You will never get process right without culture, ideals and beliefs. One important difference between culture and process is that culture is never forced. Culture is more like a garden or family. Treat it carefully, give it freedom and nourishment to grow and eventually (with good seeds of course) it will flourish and process emerge in a strong and natural way.

I’m not saying that open source is the answer per se; not everything must be open source, but open source culture accumulates so much timeless experience, healthy principles and working ethics. On the contrary, corporations often lose invaluable information along with people leaving them and they constantly struggle to re-build expertise and educate their workforce.

Anyway, here is a short reading list (in no particular order) for those of who want to know more about open source culture, community collaboration and (in opinion) the most appealing and practical way of doing software development.
(Comments on each reading is not mine, but from its author(s) or other source(s))

Open AdviceMisc

Open Advice is a knowledge collection from a wide variety of Free Software projects. It answers the question what 42 prominent contributors would have liked to know when they started so you can get a head-start no matter how and where you contribute.

The Open Source WayRed Hat Community Architecture team

Guide for helping people to understand how to and how not to engage with community over projects such as software, content, marketing, art, infrastructure, standards, and so forth. It contains knowledge distilled from years of Red Hat experience.

Open Source Community Values
Jeff Cohen

Welcome to Our Community. Here Are the Ground Rules.

The Art of Community: Building the New Age of ParticipationJono Bacon

Will help you develop the broad range of talents you need to recruit members to your community, motivate and manage them, and help them become active participants.

Producing Open Source SoftwareKarl Fogel

A book about the human side of open source development. It describes how successful projects operate, the expectations of users and developers, and the culture of free software.

Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution

Leaders of Open Source come together for the first time to discuss the new vision of the software industry they have created. The essays in this volume offer insight into how the Open Source movement works, why it succeeds, and where it is going.

Debian ConstitutionThe Debian Project

This document describes the organisational structure for formal decision-making in the Debian Project.

The Cathedral and the BazaarEric Steven Raymond

Surprising theories about software engineering suggested by the history of Linux.

The Art of Unix ProgrammingEric Steven Raymond

This book has a lot of knowledge in it, but it is mainly about expertise. It is going to try to teach you the things about Unix development that Unix experts know, but aren’t aware that they know.

How To Ask Questions The Smart WayEric Steven Raymond

In the world of hackers, the kind of answers you get to your technical questions depends as much on the way you ask the questions as on the difficulty of developing the answer. This guide will teach you how to ask questions in a way more likely to get you a satisfactory answer.

How the ASF worksApache Software Foundation

Will give you everything you always wanted to know about ASF but were afraid to ask.

Apache Subversion Community GuideSubversion Community

Subversion community participation guidelines.

Python Community Diversity StatementPython Community

The Python Software Foundation and the global Python community welcome and encourage participation by everyone. Our community is based on mutual respect, tolerance, and encouragement, and we are working to help each other live up to these principles.

Eclipse Development ProcessThe Eclipse Foundation

This document describes the Development Process for the Eclipse Foundation.

Ubuntu Code of ConductUbuntu Community

This Code of Conduct covers our behaviour as members of the Ubuntu Community, in any forum, mailing list, wiki, web site, IRC channel, install-fest, public meeting or private correspondence.

Mozilla Code of Conduct (draft)Mozilla Foundation

This Code of Conduct covers our behaviour as members of the Mozilla Community, in any forum, mailing list, wiki, web site, IRC channel, bug, event, public meeting or private correspondence.

Reference: Open Source Culture and Ideals from our JCG partner Kristoffer Sjögren at the deephacks blog.

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