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Tag Archives: XML

JSON and XML: How Do They Compare?

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JSON and XML: How Do They Compare? JSON and XML are two human-readable text formats that have emerged as rivals over the years. XML’s purpose is storing and defining documents and data through the optional use of a schema. JSON was almost the exact opposite – a serialization format with requirements so simple they fit on the back of a ...

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A canonical XML test

I recently did a few days of TDD training for a client. They asked me to help them test and refactor a class that created XML from an internal domain model. This gave me the opportunity to examine a bigger pattern. I wondered where the domain model came from. Looking through the code base, I found that the same or ...

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An introduction to working with JAXB

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I am in the process of migrating a few modules that are dependent on Apache XMLBeans to JAXB. It has been an exciting and challenging few days. I thought of jotting down a few important things I came across for anyone who might find it useful in the future. First of all, let us look at setting up the maven plugin ...

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JAXB and Log4j XML Configuration Files

Both Log4j 1.x and Log4j 2.x support use of XML files to specify logging configuration. This post looks into some of the nuances and subtleties associated with using JAXB to work with these XML configuration files via Java classes. The examples in this post are based on Apache Log4j 1.2.17, Apache Log4j 2.6.2, and Java 1.8.0_73 with JAXB xjc 2.2.8-b130911.1802. ...

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JAXB Is Doing It Wrong; Try Xembly

JAXB is a 10-year-old Java technology that allows us to convert a Java object into an XML document (marshalling) and back (unmarshalling). This technology is based on setters and getters and, in my opinion, violates key principles of object-oriented programming by turning objects into passive data structures. I would recommend you use Xembly instead for marshalling Java objects into XML ...

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Validating XML Against XSD(s) in Java

There are numerous tools available for validating an XML document against an XSD. These include operating system scripts and tools such as xmllint, XML editors and IDEs, and even online validators. I have found it useful to have my own easy-to-use XML validation tool because of limitations or issues of the previously mentioned approaches. Java makes it easy to write ...

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XML Manipulation With XML Copy Editor

The XML document format, created in 1996, is still widely used to facilitate communication between disparate systems (though for certain implementations is somewhat being replaced by JSON). As a Java developer, I generally interface with data in an XML document via a DOM parser, but there are occasions where being able to manipulate an XML document directly is advantageous or ...

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right-pad values with XSLT

In this post an XSLT function that can be used to right-pad the value of an element with a chosen character to a certain length. No rocket science but this might become handy again so by putting it down here I don’t have to reinvent it later. The function itself looks like:               <xsl:stylesheet ...

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Converting XML to CSV using XSLT 1.0

This post shows you how to convert a simple XML file to CSV using XSLT. Consider the following sample XML:                 <library> <book> <author>Dan Simmons</author> <title>Hyperion</title> <publishDate>1989</publishDate> </book> <book> <author>Douglas Adams</author> <title>The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy</title> <publishDate>1979</publishDate> </book> </library> This is the desired CSV output: author,title,publishDate Dan Simmons,Hyperion,1989 Douglas Adams,The Hitchhiker's Guide ...

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