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Author Archives: Yegor Bugayenko

Yegor Bugayenko is an Oracle certified Java architect, CEO of Zerocracy, author of Elegant Objects book series about object-oriented programing, lead architect and founder of Cactoos, Takes, Rultor and Jcabi, and a big fan of test automation.

Smaller Try-Blocks Are Better

It often happens, especially in Java, that a few places in the method are potential exception originators. Usually, we make a large method-size try block with a single catch at the bottom. We catch all the exceptions, usually even using grouping. This helps us minimize the noise, which is the exception catching. However, such large try blocks jeopardize maintainability: we ...

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Declarative and Immutable Pipeline of Transformations

A few months ago I made a small Java library, which is worth explaining since the design of its classes and interfaces is pretty unusual. It’s very much object-oriented for a pretty imperative task: building a pipeline of document transformations. The goal was to do this in a declarative and immutable way, and in Java. Well, as much as it’s ...

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Reflection Means Hidden Coupling

Reflective programming (or reflection) happens when your code changes itself on the fly. For example, a method of a class, when we call it, among other things adds a new method to the class (also known as monkey patching). Java, Python, PHP, JavaScript, you name it—they all have this “powerful” feature. What’s wrong with it? Well, it’s slow, dangerous, and ...

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Objectionary: Dictionary and Factory for EO Objects

Since the time of Kernighan and Ritchie we share binary code in libraries. You need to print some text with printf() in C++? You get libc library with 700+ other functions inside. You need to copy a Java stream? You get Apache Commons IO with copy() and 140+ other methods and classes. The same happens in all languages I’m aware ...

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Logging in Unit Tests, a Bad Practice

Logging is an inevitable part of debugging. Well, at least in modern high-level programming languages and architectures. It wasn’t thirty years ago, in Assembly, but it is now. Sometimes we trace variables, but rarely. More often we just print them to console. Moreover, we don’t just print them using println or whatever it is we have for console printing; instead, ...

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Making constructors pre-process the arguments before encapsulating them seems to be bad practice. However, very often it’s necessary to do exactly that: perform some manipulations with the objects provided as arguments and only then assign them to the attributes of the constructed object. For this purpose I suggest using prestructors, which could be methods or stand-alone objects. Huge in France ...

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There are three things in EOLANG (and the 𝜑-calculus which we based it on): data, atoms, and objects. There is a dataization function, which puts all three together in order to make an EO program alive. Here is how it works together with Java, for example. Let’s say we are making an online shop where items are being shipped to ...

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Strong Typing without Types

In 1974, Liskov and Zilles defined a strongly-typed language as one in which “whenever an object is passed from a calling function to a called function, its type must be compatible with the type declared in the called function.” Strong type checking, without doubt, decreases the amount of type errors, which leads to higher quality. However, the question is: do ...

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