DevOps

OpenDS: How to install and configure LDAP server?

What is LDAP?
“LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol used for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an Internet Protocol network.”

Why is LDAP used?

LDAP is used for accessing a directory which can consist of a set of objects, users, groups, login, passwords, permissions etc. Its practical use is more in terms of authentication and access control mechanism. LDAP also provides add, delete, search, modify operations. LDAP is not considered as a standard relational database.
 
LDAP stores the attribute based data and they are generally read specific data. The entries in LDAP are maintained in tree like structure Directory Information Tree (DIT).

OpenDS is simple Java based open source directory service software which implements LDAP. In today’s series we will explore this product for demonstration of the LDAP server.
Let’s try to do a hands on exercise on how to install and configure OpenDS.

Step 1

OpenDS software can be downloaded from https://opends.java.net/ link the OpenDS2.2 version.
Install OpenDS2.2 by clicking “setup.bat”.

Step 2

Click the option “Install new server instance”.

Step 3

Under Server Settings option Add the Host name matches the host name mentioned the config file of your application server. In this case we will use “localhost”. Fill up rest of the details along with the password.

OpenDS Server Settings
OpenDS Server Settings

Step 4

In case of Topology option select this as a Standalone server.

Step 5

Leave the default options of Directory base DN to dc=example, dc=com

Step 6

Review and Finish

Step 7

Launch Control Panel. You can launch the control panel from the Finish Wizard or you can go to directory OpenDS\bat and execute the command control-panel.bat.

Step 8

The control-panel.bat will open the Directory server control panel.

OpenDS Control Panel
OpenDS Control Panel

Step 9

Add users – To add users in the LDAP directory click on Manage Entries option.

Manage Entries Panel
Manage Entries Panel

Step 10

Right click on the dc=example, dc=com to add New User

Step 11

In the New User panel add the details of the new user. In this case the common name is admin.

New User Panel
New User Panel

We can also create a new group by using the New Group option and assign the created users to this group.

New Group
New Group

Terminologies:

dn – Each entry in the LDAP will have an unique identifier or distinguished name (DN).
cn – Common Name
sn – Surname
dc – Domain Component
ou – Organisational Unit
o – Organisation
st – State
l – Location
c – Country

LDAP Tree structure
LDAP Tree structure

 

Reference: OpenDS: How to install and configure LDAP server? from our JCG partner Mainak Goswami at the Idiotechie blog.

Mainak Goswami

Mainak Goswami is an experienced Technology Consultant specializing in JEE, Web Development and Open source technologies. He is currently based out of United Kingdom. He is a technology enthusiast trying to explore the latest in the world of technology. His current area of interest is Mobility, NoSQL and Cloud computing. In past time he loves blogging on his website Idiotechie.
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meera
meera
11 years ago

Gr8 I’m looking fot it

Gunjan
Gunjan
11 years ago

nic1 … Keep posting such good Articles ! Profile shows cloud computing enthusiastic “? Any post on Cloud Computing Development…

Yojan
Yojan
10 years ago

Muy bien aporte!

Abhi Verma
5 years ago

I have installed the setup.bat file and at last, it shows an error that the server has stopped. You may start it from the Control Panel.bat or click on the button. When I click or access the path it does not perform any action. The screen remains the same. At times it also shows error for the port 4444 exception in Firewall.

sri
sri
5 years ago

Hi, I done the same steps mentioned above but got exception;
An error occured connecting to the server.javax.naming.CommunicationException:0.0.0.0.444[Root exception is javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException:
Java.security.cert.CertificateExceception:No subject alternative names present]

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