Bozhidar Bozhanov

About Bozhidar Bozhanov

Senior Java developer, one of the top stackoverflow users, fluent with Java and Java technology stacks - Spring, JPA, JavaEE, as well as Android, Scala and any framework you throw at him. creator of Computoser - an algorithmic music composer. Worked on telecom projects, e-government and large-scale online recruitment and navigation platforms.

Common Misconceptions About Java

Java is the most widely used language in the world ([citation needed]), and everyone has an opinion about it. Due to it being mainstream, it is usually mocked, and sometimes rightly so, but sometimes the criticism just doesn’t touch reality. I’ll try to explain my favorite 5 misconceptions about Java.

  1. Java is slow – that might have been true for Java 1.0, and initially may sounds logical, since java is not compiled to binary, but to bytecode, which is in turn interpreted. However, modern versions of the JVM are very, very optimized (JVM optimizations is a topic worth not just an article, but a whole book) and this is no longer remotely true. As noted here, Java is even on-par with C++ in some cases. And it is certainly not a good idea to make a joke about Java being slow if you are a Ruby or PHP developer.
  2. Java is too verbose – here we need to split the language from the SDK and from other libraries.
    • There is some verbosity in the JDK (e.g., which is: 1. easily overcome with de-facto standard libraries like guava 2. a good thing
    • As for language verbosity, the only reasonable point were anonymous classes. Which are no longer an issue in Java 8 with the the functional additions. Getters and setters, Foo foo = new Foo() instead of using val – that is (possibly) boilerplate, but it’s not verbose – it doesn’t add conceptual weight to the code. It doesn’t take more time to write, read or understand.
    • Other libraries – it is indeed pretty scary to see a class like AbstractCommonAsyncFacadeFactoryManagerImpl. But that has nothing to do with Java. It can be argued that sometimes these long names make sense, it can also be argued that they are as complex because the underlying abstraction is unnecessarily complicated, but either way, it is a design decision taken per-library, and nothing that the language or the SDK impose per-se. It is common to see overengineered stuff, but Java in no way pushes you in that direction – stuff can be done in a simple way with any language. You can certainly have AbstractCommonAsyncFacadeFactoryManagerImpl in Ruby, just there wasn’t a stupid architect that thought it’s a good idea and who uses Ruby. If “big, serious, heavy” companies were using Ruby, I bet we’d see the same.
  3. Enterprise Java frameworks are bloatware – that was certainly true back in 2002 when EJB 2 was in use (or “has been”, I’m too young to remember). And there are still some overengineered and bloated application servers that you don’t really need. The fact that people are using them is their own problem. You can have a perfectly nice, readable, easy to configure and deploy web application with a framework like Spring, Guice or even CDI; with a web framework like Spring-MVC, Play, Wicket, and even the latest JSF. Or even without any framework, if you feel like you don’t want to reuse the evolved-through-real-world-use frameworks. You can have an application using a message queue, a NoSQL and a SQL database, Amazon S3 file storage, and whatnot, without any accidental complexity. It’s true that people still like to overeingineer stuff, and add a couple of layers where they are not needed, but the fact that frameworks give you this ability doesn’t mean they make you do it. For example, here’s an application that crawls government documents, indexes them, and provides a UI for searching and subscribing. Sounds sort-of simple, and it is. It is written in Scala (in a very java way), but uses only java frameworks – spring, spring-mvc, lucene, jackson, guava. I guess you can start maintaining pretty fast, because it is straightforward.
  4. You can’t prototype quickly with Java – this is sort-of related to the previous point – it is assumed that working with Java is slow, and that’s why if you are a startup, or a weekend/hackathon project, you should use Ruby (with Rails), Python, Node JS or anything else that allows you to quickly prototype, to save & refresh, to painlessly iterate. Well, that is simply not true, and I don’t know even where it comes from. Maybe from the fact that big companies with heavy processes use Java, and so making a java app is taking more time. And Save-and-Refresh might look daunting to a beginner, but anyone who has programmed in Java (for the web) for a while, has to know a way to automate that (otherwise he’s a n00b, right?). I’ve summarized the possible approaches, and all of them are mostly OK. Another example here (which may be used as an example for the above point as well) – I made did this project for verifying secure password storage of websites within a weekend + 1 day to fix stuff in the evening. Including the security research. Spring-MVC, JSP templates, MongoDB. Again – quick and easy.
  5. You can do nothing in Java without an IDE – of course you can – you can use notepad++, vim, emacs. You will just lack refactoring, compile-on-save, call hierarchies. It would be just like programming in PHP or Python or javascript. The IDE vs Editor debate is a long one, but you can use Java without an IDE. It just doesn’t make sense to do so, because you get so much more from the IDE than from a text editor + command line tools.

You may argue that I’m able to write nice and simple java applications quickly because I have a lot of experience, I know precisely which tools to use (and which not) and that I’m of some rare breed of developers with common sense. And while I’ll be flattered by that, I am no different than the good Ruby developer or the Python guru you may be. It’s just that java is too widespread to have only good developers and tools.
if so many people were using other language, then probably the same amount of crappy code would’ve been generated. (And PHP is already way ahead even with less usage).
I’m the last person not to laugh on jokes about Java, and it certainly isn’t the silver bullet language, but I’d be happier if people had less misconceptions either because of anecdotal evidence, or due to previous bad experience a-la “I hate Java since my previous company where the project was very bloated”. Not only because I don’t like people being biased, but because you may start your next project with a language that will not work, just because you’ve heard “Java is bad”.

Reference: Common Misconceptions About Java from our JCG partner Bozhidar Bozhanov at the Bozho’s tech blog blog.

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2 Responses to "Common Misconceptions About Java"

  1. scott m gardner says:

    Nice write up, but I think you really missed the boat on #2. Java (linguistically) is very verbose when compared with the new JVM languages. Compare equal functionality expressed in idiomatic Java, Scala, and Clojure. Java will end up looking distinctly fatter. Collection iteration and general loop handling is much more expressive and will save several lines of code to do the same thing; Both of the newer languages had expressiveness as a core design goal.

    Additional code, even when it is boiler plate requires reading and comprehending, even when the only purpose is to realize it superfluous. The human mind has its 5+-2 distinct concept limit, so it I can implement collection filtering in one or two lines of Scala I am ahead when it takes 5 to 7 lines to do the same thing in Java. This is the place where syntactic sugar is a good thing. The same thing occurs when reading source code. You have to read it all to know what you can ignore.

    I do not consider veryLongVariableOrClass names to be verbose. When used properly they greatly add to the readability and comprehension of a code base. With a well named method, I can often ignore the implementation details and still grok the intention of the original author. And that readability on comprehension on the part of the reader is the absolute most important aspect of all source code.

    Java is still a good environment to work in, but one has to be realistic about its good points and deficiencies.

    • Rinaldo says:

      About the collections part of your comment, that’s why he cited Java 8, because that’s no longer an issue. And, as he also said, the only things that were verbose were Collections and Anonymous Inner Classes, and both of these are already fixed in Java 8.

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