Allow me to share with you one of my favourite refactorings.
This comment in the code indicates a missing extract method refactor
A simple example:
const customer = getCustomer(); // find the customer's discount rate const customerPoints = customer.loyaltyPoints + customer.weeklyPoints; const discountRate = customerPoints > 100 ? 0.1 : 0; return price - (price * discountRate);
The interesting part of the above is the two lines in the middle. There’s a short deviation in the implementation of THIS function to go off and work something out that’s needed later.
find the customer's discount rate tells you the name of the function you wish you had:
const customer = getCustomer(); const discountRate = findCustomerDiscountRate(customer); return price - (price * discountRate);
And the implementation can go and live in that function. That function is single responsibility and operates at its own level of abstraction.
Job’s a good’un.