Desktop Java

JavaFX Tip 9: Do Not Mix Swing / JavaFX

The JavaFX team has tried very hard to convince us that migrating from Swing to JavaFX is easy because of the option to embed Swing content in a JavaFX UI and vice versa. I must admit that I never tried it myself but based on the feedback I am getting from my customers I can only recommend to not mix Swing and JavaFX. At the time of this writing there were over 200 unresolved issues (120+ bugs) related to Swing integration (registered with the JavaFX issue management system).

Issue Types

The following is a list of issues that you might encounter if you still decide to go with it:

  • Appearance – there will always be a noticeable difference between the parts that were done in Swing and those that were done in JavaFX. Fields will show different font quality, different borders, different focus highlighting, etc….
  • Flickering – you might encounter flickering in your UI
  • Behaviour – controls will behave differently. The user will be able to scroll JavaFX controls with a gesture but not the Swing controls. The columns of a JavaFX TableView control will autosize when you double click the line between two column headers, the Swing JTable does not.
  • Threading – you are constantly dealing with issues related to the use of two different UI threads (the Swing EDT and the JavaFX application thread). You will run into freezing UIs and inconsistent state issues.
  • Window Management – controlling which window will be on top of which other windows and which window is blocking input (modality) for other windows becomes difficult / impossible. Popup windows might no longer hide themselves automatically.
  • Focus Handling– the wrong window might get the focus. Focus traversal between Swing controls and JavaFX controls might not work.
  • Context Menus – you might not be able to close the menu by clicking somewhere else in the UI or you might end up with two context menus open at the same time (one controlled by JavaFX, one controlled by Swing).
  • Cursor – setting different cursors on different controls / components will not work as expected.
  • Drag and Drop – wether within the SwingNode itself or between Swing and JavaFX, exceptions are heading your way.
  • Performance – the performance / rendering speed of JavaFX controls mixed with Swing components will degrade.


What does this mean now? Well, it means that in the end you will not save time if you are following the Swing/JavaFX mixing strategy. At least not if quality is important to you. If your focus is only on making features available then maybe, but if you want to ship a commercial grad / professional application, then no.

If you have already decided to migrate to JavaFX, then do the Full Monty and redo your entire application in JavaFX, it is worth the wait.

Reference: JavaFX Tip 9: Do Not Mix Swing / JavaFX from our JCG partner Dirk Lemmermann at the Pixel Perfect blog.
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Shai Almog
9 years ago

I hope this doesn’t go off as flamebait (although it is a bit) but unfortunately this advice might as well be: “Don’t use JavaFX”.

We invested a lot in Swing only to be left out in the cold by Sun and later Oracle. Not to mention the JavaFX 1.x guys who had it even worse.

Right now we are looking for for future directions for the desktop port of Codename One and would probably go directly to native instead of thru JavaFX.

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