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Tag Archives: Concurrency

Java 8: CompletableFuture in action

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After thoroughly exploring CompletableFuture API in Java 8 we are prepared to write a simplistic web crawler. We solved similar problem already using ExecutorCompletionService, Guava ListenableFuture and Scala/Akka. I choose the same problem so that it’s easy to compare approaches and implementation techniques. First we shall define a simple, blocking method to download the contents of a single URL:   ...

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Java 8: Definitive guide to CompletableFuture

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Java 8 is coming so it’s time to study new features. While Java 7 and Java 6 were rather minor releases, version 8 will be a big step forward. Maybe even too big? Today I will give you a thorough explanation of new abstraction in JDK 8 – CompletableFuture<T>. As you all know Java 8 will hopefully be released in ...

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Synchronising Multithreaded Integration Tests revisited

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I recently stumbled upon an articleSynchronising Multithreaded Integration Tests on Captain Debug’s Blog. That post emphasizes the problem of designing integration tests involving class under test running business logic asynchronously. This contrived example was given (I stripped some comments):               public class ThreadWrapper { public void doWork() { Thread thread = new Thread() { ...

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Why a synchronized StringBuffer was never a good idea

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Introduction StringBuffer is a synchronized class for mutable strings.  The main problem with making it synchronized is that It was usually used as a local variable so making it synchronized just made it slower. It was never a good idea to use it in a multi-threaded way.  This problem is that developers assumed that methods which used StringBuffer were themselves ...

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Inadvertent Recursion Protection with Java ThreadLocals

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Now here’s a little trick for those of you hacking around with third-party tools, trying to extend them without fully understanding them (yet!). Assume the following situation: You want to extend a library that exposes a hierarchical data model (let’s assume you want to extend Apache Jackrabbit) That library internally checks access rights before accessing any nodes of the content ...

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Detecting Java Threads in Deadlock with Groovy and JMX

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Unfortunately, Java applications taking advantage of multiple threads can at times run into the dreaded deadlock condition. Fortunately, the Java Platform makes deadlock detection relatively easy. In fact, the built-in (since J2SE 5) ThreadMXBean (a PlatformManagedObject exposed via JMX) makes this information available to any client that ‘speaks JMX‘ via the findDeadlockedThreads() and findMonitorDeadlockThreads() methods. General ‘JMX clients’ such as ...

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Advanced ListenableFuture capabilities

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Last time we familiarized ourselves with ListenableFuture. I promised to introduced more advanced techniques, namely transformations and chaining. Let’s start from something straightforward. Say we have our ListenableFuture<String> which we got from some asynchronous service. We also have a simple method:               Document parse(String xml) {//... We don’t need String, we need Document. One ...

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My Custom Thread Pool Executor in Java

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ThreadPoolExecutor is a feature added by java concurrent api to maintain and reuse threads efficiently , so that our programs don’t have to worry about creating and destroying threads and focus on the core functionality. I have created a custom thread pool executor to get better understanding of how thread pool executor would work . Functionality : It maintains a ...

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ListenableFuture in Guava

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ListenableFuture in Guava is an attempt to define consistent API for Future objects to register completion callbacks. With the ability to add callback when Future completes, we can asynchronously and effectively respond to incoming events. If your application is highly concurrent with lots of future objects, I strongly recommend using ListenableFuture whenever you can. Technically ListenableFuture extends Future interface by ...

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Implementing custom Future

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Last time we learned the principles behind java.util.concurrent.Future<T>. We also discovered that Future<T> is typically returned by libraries or frameworks. But there is nothing stopping us from implementing it all by ourselves when it makes sense. It is not particularly complex and may significantly improve your design. I did my best to pick interesting use case for our example. JMS ...

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