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About Alexey Zvolinskiy

Alexey Zvolinskiy
Alexey is a test developer with solid experience in automation of web-applications using Java, TestNG and Selenium. He is so much into QA that even after work he provides training courses for junior QA engineers.

Spring Java Configuration: Session timeout

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We live in a nice time, when you can develop a Spring application using java based configuration. No redundant XML code any more, just pure java code. In this article I want to discuss a popular topic about session management in Spring applications. If to be more precise I’m going to talk about a session timeout in java configuration style.

So in one of my previous blog posts I’ve already said how to manage a lifetime of session. But that solution implies usage of web.xml file, which is not required for java based configs. Because its role plays a class which extends AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer class. Frequently it looks something like this:

import javax.servlet.Filter;

import org.springframework.web.filter.HiddenHttpMethodFilter;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.support.AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer;

public class Initializer extends AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer {

	@Override
	protected Class<?>[] getRootConfigClasses() {
		return null;
	}

	@Override
	protected Class<?>[] getServletConfigClasses() {
		return new Class<?>[] { WebAppConfig.class };
	}

	@Override
	protected String[] getServletMappings() {
		return new String[] { "/" };
	}

	@Override
	protected Filter[] getServletFilters() {
		return new Filter[] { new HiddenHttpMethodFilter() };
	}

}

I’ve written a lot about usage of such configurations, but here we should pay extra attention to classes which AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer extends. I talk about the AbstractDispatcherServletInitializer class. In its turn it has onStartup(ServletContext servletContext) method. Its purpose is to configure a ServletContext with any servlets, filters, listeners context-params and attributes necessary for initializing this web application.

Directly in this place it’s a good time to recall about the HttpSessionListener interface. As you have already guessed in an implementation of this interface we are able to manage each just created session a an application. For example we can set a maximum inactive interval equal to 5 minutes:

import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionEvent;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSessionListener;

public class SessionListener implements HttpSessionListener {

    @Override
    public void sessionCreated(HttpSessionEvent event) {
        System.out.println("==== Session is created ====");
        event.getSession().setMaxInactiveInterval(5*60);
    }

    @Override
    public void sessionDestroyed(HttpSessionEvent event) {
        System.out.println("==== Session is destroyed ====");
    }
}

In order to apply this session management changes into our java based configurations, we have to add a following code snippet to Initializer class:

...
    @Override
    public void onStartup(ServletContext servletContext) throws ServletException {
        super.onStartup(servletContext);
        servletContext.addListener(new SessionListener());
    }
...

That’s all java geeks, enjoy coding.

 

Reference: Spring Java Configuration: Session timeout from our JCG partner Alexey Zvolinskiy at the Fruzenshtein’s notes blog.

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