I am sure you were in a situation in which you wanted to join multiple strings. If you were using a programming language other than Java you probably used the join() function provided by the programming language. If you were using Java you could not do this. There was no join() method. The Java Standard Class Library provided you tools for building GUI applications, accessing databases, sending stuff over the network, doing XML transformations or calling remote methods. A simple method for joining a collection of strings was not included. For this you needed one of various third party libraries.
Luckily this time is over now! In Java 8 we finally can join Strings!
Java 8 added a new class called StringJoiner. As the name suggests we can use this class to join strings:
StringJoiner joiner = new StringJoiner(","); joiner.add("foo"); joiner.add("bar"); joiner.add("baz"); String joined = joiner.toString(); // "foo,bar,baz" // add() calls can be chained joined = new StringJoiner("-") .add("foo") .add("bar") .add("baz") .toString(); // "foo-bar-baz"
StringJoiner is used internally by the two new static join() methods of String:
// join(CharSequence delimiter, CharSequence... elements) String joined = String.join("/", "2014", "10", "28" ); // "2014/10/28" // join(CharSequence delimiter, Iterable<? extends CharSequence> elements) List<String> list = Arrays.asList("foo", "bar", "baz"); joined = String.join(";", list); // "foo;bar;baz"
There is also a joining Collector available for the new Stream API:
List<Person> list = Arrays.asList( new Person("John", "Smith"), new Person("Anna", "Martinez"), new Person("Paul", "Watson ") ); String joinedFirstNames = list.stream() .map(Person::getFirstName) .collect(Collectors.joining(", ")); // "John, Anna, Paul"
So we do no longer need third party libraries for joining strings!
|Reference:||Java can finally join strings from our JCG partner Michael Scharhag at the mscharhag, Programming and Stuff blog.|
Bulletproof Java Code: A Practical Strategy for Developing Functional, Reliable, and Secure Java Code
Use Java? If you do, you know that Java software can be used to drive application logic of Web services or Web applications. Perhaps you use it for desktop applications? Or, embedded devices? Whatever your use of Java code, functional errors are the enemy!
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