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About Toni Epple

Toni Epple
Anton is a consultant worldwide for a wide variety of companies, ranging from startups to Fortune 500 companies, in many areas, including finance institutions and aerospace. His main interest is Client side development, and he has authored books and numerous articles on this topic. He is a member of the NetBeans Dream Team and a Oracle Java Champion. In 2013 he was elected as a JavaONE Rockstar, in 2014 he received a Duke’s Choice Award for his work on DukeScript.

JavaFX: Space Invaders in less than 175 LOC

With the current version of the API I’m at less than 175 LOC for Space Invaders. I’ve got lot’s of “Functional Interfaces” in my APIs that can be converted to Lambda Expressions with JavaFX 8( e.g. SpriteProvider and CollisionHandler). That will make the code nicer and shorter. I could probably also reduce the linecount by bundling the recources (e.g. TileSets) and creating more factories and Builders (SpriteBuilder). But I’m getting closer to what I want…
 
 
 
 
 

package de.eppleton.fx2d.samples.spaceinvaders;

import de.eppleton.fx2d.collision.*;
import de.eppleton.fx2d.*;
import de.eppleton.fx2d.action.*;
import de.eppleton.fx2d.tileengine.*;
import java.util.Collection;
import java.util.logging.*;
import javafx.beans.property.DoubleProperty;
import javafx.beans.property.SimpleDoubleProperty;
import javafx.scene.canvas.*;
import javafx.scene.input.*;
import javafx.scene.media.*;
import javafx.scene.paint.Color;
import javafx.scene.text.Font;
import javax.xml.bind.JAXBException;
import org.openide.util.Lookup;
import org.openide.util.lookup.Lookups;

public class SpaceInvaders extends Game {

    Points TEN = new Points(10);
    Points TWENTY = new Points(30);
    Points THIRTY = new Points(40);
    DoubleProperty invaderXVelocity = new SimpleDoubleProperty(0.3);
    AudioClip shootSound = new AudioClip(SpaceInvaders.class.getResource('/assets/sound/shoot.wav').toString());
    AudioClip invaderKilledSound = new AudioClip(SpaceInvaders.class.getResource('/assets/sound/invaderkilled.wav').toString());
    MediaPlayer mediaPlayer = new MediaPlayer(new Media(SpaceInvaders.class.getResource('/assets/sound/invader_loop1.mp3').toString()));
    int score = 0;
    String message;
    int[][] enemies = new int[][]{
        {30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30},
        {20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20},
        {20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20, 20},
        {10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10},
        {10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10}
    };

    @Override
    protected void initGame() {
        final GameCanvas canvas = getCanvas();
        try {
            TileSet invaders = TileMapReader.readSet('/assets/graphics/invaders1.tsx');
            TileSet playerTiles = TileMapReader.readSet('/assets/graphics/player.tsx');
            final TileSetAnimation animation30 = new TileSetAnimation(invaders, new int[]{0, 1}, 2);
            final TileSetAnimation animation10 = new TileSetAnimation(invaders, new int[]{4, 5}, 2);
            final TileSetAnimation animation20 = new TileSetAnimation(invaders, new int[]{2, 3}, 2);
            final TileSetAnimation playerAnimation = new TileSetAnimation(playerTiles, new int[]{0}, 100_000);
            for (int i = 0; i < enemies.length; i++) {
                int[] is = enemies[i];
                for (int j = 0; j < is.length; j++) {
                    Points points = is[j] == 30 ? THIRTY : is[j] == 20 ? TWENTY : TEN;
                    Sprite sprite = new Sprite(canvas, '' + ((j * 11) + i), 50 + (40 * j), 140 + (40 * i), 30, 20, Lookups.fixed(points));
                    sprite.setAnimation(is[j] == 30 ? animation30 : is[j] == 20 ? animation20 : animation10);
                    sprite.setVelocityXProperty(invaderXVelocity);
                }
            }
            Sprite player = new Sprite(canvas, playerAnimation, 'Player', 350, 620, 40, 30, Lookup.EMPTY);
            player.setAnimation(playerAnimation);
            player.addAction(KeyCode.LEFT, ActionFactory.createMoveAction(playerAnimation, 'left', -4, 0, 0, 0));
            player.addAction(KeyCode.RIGHT, ActionFactory.createMoveAction(playerAnimation, 'right', 4, 0, 0, 0));
            player.addAction(KeyCode.UP, new ShootAction(playerAnimation, 'fire', new BulletProvider(), new HitHandler(), shootSound));
        } catch (JAXBException ex) {
            Logger.getLogger(SpaceInvaders.class.getName()).log(Level.SEVERE, null, ex);
        }
        canvas.addLayer(new Background());
        canvas.addBehaviour(new MoveInvadersBehavior());
        mediaPlayer.setCycleCount(MediaPlayer.INDEFINITE);
        mediaPlayer.play();
        canvas.addLayer(new SpriteLayer());
        canvas.start();
    }

    @Override
    protected double getViewPortWidth() {
        return 700;
    }

    @Override
    protected double getViewPortHeight() {
        return 700;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        launch(args);
    }

    private class Points {

        int points;

        public Points(int points) {
            this.points = points;
        }

        public int getPoints() {
            return points;
        }
    }

    static class BulletProvider implements SpriteProvider {

        @Override
        public Sprite getSprite(GameCanvas parent, double x, double y) {
            return new Sprite(parent, 'bullet', x, y + 10, 10, 20, Lookup.EMPTY);
        }
    }

    class HitHandler implements CollisionHandler {

        @Override
        public void handleCollision(Collision collision) {
            Points points = collision.getSpriteTwo().getLookup().lookup(Points.class);
            if (points != null) {
                score += points.getPoints();
                invaderKilledSound.play();
                collision.getSpriteOne().remove();
                collision.getSpriteTwo().remove();
            }
        }
    }

    class MoveInvadersBehavior extends Behavior {

        @Override
        public boolean perform(GameCanvas canvas, long nanos) {
            Collection<Sprite> sprites = canvas.getSprites();
            boolean stop = false;
            boolean win = true;
            for (Sprite sprite1 : sprites) {
                if (sprite1.getLookup().lookup(Points.class) != null) {
                    win = false;
                    if (sprite1.getX() > 650 || sprite1.getX() < 50) {
                        invaderXVelocity.set(-invaderXVelocity.doubleValue() * (stop ? 0 : 1.3));
                        if (sprite1.getY() >= 600) {
                            message = 'Game Over!';
                            stop = true;
                            mediaPlayer.stop();
                        }
                        for (Sprite sprite2 : sprites) {
                            if (sprite2.getLookup().lookup(Points.class) != null) {
                                sprite2.setY(sprite2.getY() + (stop ? 0 : 20));
                            }
                        }
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }
            if (win) {
                message = 'You win!';
                canvas.stop();
                mediaPlayer.stop();
            }
            return true;
        }
    }

    class Background extends Layer {        

        @Override
        public void draw(GraphicsContext graphicsContext, double x, double y, double width, double height) {
            graphicsContext.setFill(Color.BLACK);
            graphicsContext.fillRect(0, 0, width, height);
            graphicsContext.setFill(Color.WHITE);
            graphicsContext.setFont(Font.font('OCR A Std', 20));
            graphicsContext.fillText('SCORE<1>    HI-SCORE    SCORE<2>', 30, 30);
            graphicsContext.fillText('' + score + '            9990   ', 30, 60);
            graphicsContext.fillText(message, 300, 400);
            graphicsContext.fillText('' + 3 + '                   CREDIT ' + 1, 30, 680);
            graphicsContext.setFill(Color.GREEN);
            graphicsContext.fillRect(30, 650, 640, 4);
        }
    }
}

Here’s a video of the game:


 

Reference: JavaFX: Space Invaders in less than 175 LOC from our JCG partner Toni Epple at the Eppleton blog.

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2 comments

  1. YOU NED TO PACKAGE A .JAR EXECUTABLE OF THIS DEMO! people wont believe it until they are able to download and run it on their system! pleeeeeeeeeeease! :-)

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